Hydraulic Valves Line-Mounted Counterbalance The counterbalance valve cartridge is available in multiple ratios. The proven counterbalance valve series ZNS in size NG06 (CETOP 03) and NG10 (CETOP 05) enables a reliable operation by controlling the actuator movement at overrunning loads. Counterbalance valve specifications: This is due to the counterbalance valve opening and closing as the pressure on the cap side of the cylinder goes up and down. -The counterbalance valve (CBV) is set to open at somewhat above the pressure required to prevent . A common example is a cherry picker, where the load is often a person. The result of these features is refined load control and hydraulic dampening. Holding Setting – The holding setting is sometimes referred to as the counterbalance setting. The most common problem experienced with counterbalance valves is instability. A counterbalance valve (Fig. Home > Proceedings > Volume 2644 > > Proceedings > Volume 2644 > These counterbalance valves can be mounted in, at or near hydraulic cylinders and motors to protect against load runaway through hose failure and to improve system stability. Functionally, it is a counterbalance valve that seats as a poppet valve and modulates as a spool valve, offering the best of both worlds. the company says. The performance of hydraulic system employing counterbalance valves frequently encounter problem due to oscillation which are primarily due to the load inertia, volume of pressure system, response of the counterbalance valve and the flow at which the valve is required to regulate the load. The counterbalance valve thus opens very quickly and the stored energy dissipates, causing a momentary runaway condition that leads to initial instability as the boom is retracted. It allows the pressure to fall to the counterbalance setting, which can be adjusted according to the severity of the application. Flow Saturation Characteristic of Counterbalance Valve and Application Author(s): ZHU Wenfeng , JIAO Shengjie , YANG Yaoxiang , DING Feng Pages: 205 - 212 There are two main types of counterbalance valves, known as direct-acting and differential area. Figure 10.5 illustrates the use of a counterbalance or backpressure valve to keep a vertically mounted cylinder in upward position during pump idling. Cylinders with large platens and tooling or hydraulic motors on winch drives are two examples of such actuators. Indeed, they enable a jerk-free movement on the part of consumers in the presence of over-centre loads. Piloting the counter balance valve from the cap side of the cylinder often results in chattering in the motion of the cylinder while it is extending. While counterbalance valves maintain a healthy amount of back pressure, they force the pump to develop the full set pressure on the counterbalance spring before they allow the actuator to move. They are available in four-port (MW**) vented versions. Operation of a counterbalance valve These valves are suitable for use with static or dynamic loads when trying to stop a load from drifting or running away. Figure shows the operation of a typical counterbalance valve. The counterbalance valves allows free flow from port B to port L through the check valve, but blocks the flow in the opposite direction unless pressure is applied to port P. When sufficient pressure is applied, a variable orifice opens. -The vertical cylinder from descending due to the weight of its load. Novel Counterbalance valves, more particularly, to counterbalance valves that provide hold, capture, and motion control benefits of prior art CB valves while improving upon one or more performance characteristics of current CB valves are herein disclosed. Counterbalance valve application. For best safety, they should be fitted close to the actuator, either flange mounted or connected through metallic pipe. 1.6) is applied to create a back pressure or cushioning pressure on the underside of a vertically moving piston to prevent the suspended load from free falling because of gravity while it is still being lowered. This permits the cylinder to be forced downward, when pressure is applied on the top. Purpose of CounterBalance ( back-pressure) Valve (CBV) To keep a vertically mounted hydraulic cylinder in the upward position while the pump is idling. These valves will reduce the power consumption, improve the life span of pumps and decrease the fluid temperature. The simulated actuator cycle starts with the piston rod at initial position. A counterbalance valve for use in drive oil hydraulic circuitry of an oil hydraulic motor is constructed so that an oil hydraulic motor can slow down without shock, while cavitation is prevented, thus coming to rest in a short period time. Basic counterbalance application Standard Counterbalance Valve (Eaton 1CE) For most applications. Some actuators with running-away (or overrunning) loads will let the load free fall when the directional valve that controls the actuator shifts to lower the load. Application Tips which include instructions on how to set a counterbalance valve in a working system, when necessary; Pressure Setting vs. CB - Counterbalance Valves Application Notes A typical circuit application for a counterbalance valve contains a pump, directional control valve, and an actuator. Pressure adjustment from 1000 to 5000 PSI. A counterbalance valve is a normally closed pressure control valve and is particularly used in cylinder applications for countering a weight or overrunning load. Uses include controlling over … Counterbalance valves are available as individual cartridges or standard cartridge-in-body (CIB) packages. Large variety of available nominal sizes allows exact adjustment to the application High power density Very high total efficiency High starting efficiency Working ports SAE flange or thread Optional with integrated pressure relief valve Optional with mounted addifitonal valve: counterbalance valve (BVD/BVE), flushing and boost-pressure valve Bent-axis design Counterbalance valve application. Turns Table for counterbalance valves. A tale of two architectures. External Control Counterbalance Valve Report by Material, Application, and Geography – Global Forecast to 2022 is a professional and in-depth research report on the world's major regional market conditions, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific) and the main countries (United States, Germany, united Kingdom, Japan, South Korea and China). A spool (26) is retained by springs in a neutral position. the most cost effective solution is to use the basic load holding valve such as the Eaton 1CE series. A built-in dampening device smooths the opening of the valve while allowing the valve to close quickly. Axiom Hydraulics is the exclusive supplier of Sun Hydraulics’ counterbalance valves to hydraulic applications across southern Africa. October 21, 2014 by hydpneu. “5” but as valve will be normally in closed position and secondary port of valve i.e. A common example is a cherry picker, where the load is often a person. Counterbalance Valves Parker counterbalance valves are screw-in type cartridge valves that control the pressure at an actuator controlling its motion. Sun offer a large range of different types of counterbalance valves to try and satisfy the wide range of application problems. The counterbalance valve is set to open at a pressure slightly above the pressure required to hold the piston up. COUNTERBALANCE VALVE APPLICATION 16. Counterbalance valve is attached here between rod end port of cylinder and directional control valve. Therefore, the vast majority of counterbalance applications are satisfied with a 3:1 pilot ratio. Counterbalance Valve - Series ZNS. Counterbalance valves can be used with paired cylinders: pilot pressure will open first the valve of the most heavily loaded cylinder; this will cause load transfer to the other cylinder and the related valve, still closed, will require less pilot pressure for opening. Flow divider/combiners are pressure compensated valves. The valve body is available with different port sizes and thread types. Basic counterbalance application Standard counterbalance valve (Eaton 1CE) For most applications, the most cost effective solution is to use a basic load holding valve, such as the Eaton 1CE series. Counterbalance Valve - Series ZNS. Practical application of counterbalance valve and sequencing valve is discussed. finalizing a counterbalance valve for your application. It is the P P = (T S – L) / R P P P = Pilot Pressure T S = Thermal Setting L = Induced Load R P = Pilot Ratio Example: The maximum load is 3000 psi. The counterbalance valve working principle states that the fluid will be trapped inside the spool under pressure until the pilot pressure overcomes the pre-set value. -This permits the cylinder … The counterbalance valve is set to open at a pressure slightly above the pressure required to hold the piston up. The two-stage valve has overcome many instability problems by preventing the total decay of the stored energy in the cylinder and stopping the valve overreacting. Depending on data listed in the manufacturer's catalogs or data sheets for your particular valve, you can choose one of the following model parameterization options: By maximum area and opening — Use this option if the data sheet provides only the orifice maximum area and the control member maximum stroke. Understanding the pilot ratio of the counterbalance valves; Calculations the pilot pressure of the counterbalance valves for different applications ~~~ // ~~~ Lower pilot ratios will increase system stability and provide better motion control. Counterbalance valves. During lowering of the weight or extension of cylinder, hydraulic oil leaving the cylinder will enter to the primary port of counterbalance valve i.e. A common application is to direct a fixed flow rate to a priority function, such as steering, while secondary flow is available to other intermittent functions. The Counterbalance Valve block is essentially a data-sheet-based model. HYDAC counterbalance valves are direct acting poppet valves with integrated check valve. These valves are suitable for use with static or dynamic loads when trying to stop a load from drifting or running away. Techniques for overcoming instability . Catalog HY15-3502/US Counterbalance Valve Series CB101 Parker Hannifin Corporation Hydraulic Cartridge Systems Check Valves Shuttle Valves Load/Motor Controls Flow Controls Pressure Controls Logic Elements Directional Controls Manual Valves Solenoid Valves Proportional Valves Coils & Electronics Bodies & Cavities Technical Data SH CV LM FC PC LE DC MV SV PV CE BC TD … The diagram above shows the internal construction of counterbalance valves. The proven counterbalance valve series ZNS in size NG06 (CETOP 03) and NG10 (CETOP 05) enables a reliable operation by controlling the actuator movement at overrunning loads. Inlet pressue rating of aluminum body is 3000 PSI. Advanced Search >. Figure 10.5 illustrates the use of a counterbalance or backpressure valve to keep a vertically mounted cylinder in upward position during pump idling. Counterbalance Valve Application. 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